Memory is defined as: the faculty of the brain by which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved when needed, vital to experiences, and is the retention of information over time for the purpose of influencing future action. <br style=”color: #000000; font-family: Arial, Tahoma, Helvetica, FreeSans, sans-serif; font-size: 19.8px; font-weight: bold; background-color: #a2c4c9;” />
Let’s get academic for the moment if we haven’t already. This from LumenLearning:
- It is theorized that memories are stored in neural networks in various parts of the brain associated with different types of memory, including short-term memory, sensory memory, and long-term memory.
- Memory traces, or engrams, are physical neural changes associated with memories. Scientists have gained knowledge about these neuronal codes from studies on neuroplasticity.
- Encoding of episodic memory involves lasting changes in molecular structures, which alter communication between neurons. Recent functional-imaging studies have detected working-memory signals in the medial temporal lobe and the prefrontal cortex.
- Both the frontal lobe and prefrontal cortex are associated with long- and short-term memory, suggesting a strong link between these two types of memory. Damage there is monumental.
- The hippocampus is integral in consolidating memories but does not seem to store memories itself.
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