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    • Joyce Hoffman

      Memory is defined as: the faculty of the brain by which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved when needed, vital to experiences, and is the retention of information over time for the purpose of influencing future action. <br style=”color: #000000; font-family: Arial, Tahoma, Helvetica, FreeSans, sans-serif; font-size: 19.8px; font-weight: bold; background-color: #a2c4c9;” />
      Let’s get academic for the moment if we haven’t already. This from LumenLearning:

      • It is theorized that memories are stored in neural networks in various parts of the brain associated with different types of memory, including short-term memory, sensory memory, and long-term memory.
      • Memory traces, or engrams, are physical neural changes associated with memories. Scientists have gained knowledge about these neuronal codes from studies on neuroplasticity.
      • Encoding of episodic memory involves lasting changes in molecular structures, which alter communication between neurons. Recent functional-imaging studies have detected working-memory signals in the medial temporal lobe and the prefrontal cortex.
      • Both the frontal lobe and prefrontal cortex are associated with long- and short-term memory, suggesting a strong link between these two types of memory. Damage there is monumental.
      • The hippocampus is integral in consolidating memories but does not seem to store memories itself.
    • Elaine Bene

      Interesting stuff!

    • Elaine Bene

      How to get started to learn mindfulness?

    • tsgoyna

      Hi Elaine,

      Mindfulness is a wonderful practice that can be practiced alone or with others. The health benefits are numerous for reducing stress, improving cognition and immune function.  Developing the practice of comitting to a time and a place is the cornerstone of the Mindfulness practice. How to “do it?”  In truth there are many ways. You can google Mindfulness for beginners on Youtube or Google and you will see there are many “free materials.” Choose the resources that resonate with you. I use mindfulness techniques with my stroke survivors to aid them in reducing stress which contributes to an improved ability to speak, find words, and  improve processing.

      Mindfulness begins with being quiet. While there are many approaches, the keys are becoming quiet and aware and observing without judgement.

      1. Counting your breath in a pattern can begin a slowing down process.

      Inhale  through your nose on a count of 4

      Hold your breath for a count of 7

      Exhale through your mouth for a count of 8.

      Repeat this cycle at least 4x.

      As you sit in quietness you will become aware of the “busy-ness” of your mind. For now just observe the thoughts( without judgement or intention to solve or understand the thought).

      Imagine each thought  is contained in a helium balloon. Watch each one float away .

      Become aware of your body and where you are holding tightness or restriction. Breathe into these spaces and again observe without judgement. You can mentally repeat the word “ALLOW.”


      There are apps and online courses that can help you. Mindfulness can be practiced even in conscious states like eating: Begin with a single raisin and  Focus on chewing. Feel how your teeth grind against the texture, feel the tingle of the flavor burst and saliva that comes, take your  time to discover each glorious second.

      WHile Mindfulness is SIMPLE– it is not always easy because we are so busy in our heads. Practice and repetition is key and the beginnning of a meditation practice.  WOuld love to hear your experience.   Tsgoyna Tanzman, MA/CCC Speech-Language Pathologist


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